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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS (SEPTEMBER 11, 2021)

INDIAN POLITY, GOVERNANCE AND SOCIAL JUSTICE

1. POSHAN MAAH

 

THE CONTEXT: The Ministry of Women and Child Development has planned a series of activities throughout the POSHAN Maah-2021 in tandem with the States/UTs.

ABOUT POSHAN ABHIYAAN

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is Government of India’s flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes for children, adolescent Girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
  • Launched by the Prime Minister on the occasion of International Women’s Day on 8 March, 2018 from Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan, the POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) Abhiyaan directs the attention of the country towards the problem of malnutrition and address it in a mission-mode.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is a Jan Andolan or “People’s Movement” by incorporating inclusive participation of public representatives of local bodies, government departments of the States/UTs, social organizations and the public and private sector at large.
  • In order to ensure community mobilization and bolster people’s participation, every year, the month of September is celebrated as POSHAN Maah across the country.
  • The wide gamut of activities during the POSHAN Maah this year broadly focus on Plantation Drive for POSHAN VATIKA by all the stakeholders in the space available at Anganwadis, School Premises, Gram Panchayats and other places.
  • Plantation activity focuses on planting of saplings of nutritious fruit trees, local vegetables and medicinal plants and herbs. Sensitization/awareness drive for COVID vaccination and Observance of COVID Protocols are also being held, special drive for Height and Weight Measurement for Children (under 6 Years of Age), Slogan writing and Recipe competitions are being organized to highlight the locally available nutritious food for pregnant women.
  • The activities during POSHAN Maah also include Awareness campaign on importance of regional / local food, Distribution of Nutrition Kits comprising of regional nutritious food, Anaemia Camps, Drive for block wise Identification of SAM Children, Supervised Supplementary Feeding Program for SAM children as an initiative to tackle prevalence of SAM in children up to the age of 5 years, Sensitisation for Community Management of Acute Malnutrition and Distribution of nutritious food for SAM children

SOURCE:  PIB

ENVIRONMENT, GEOGRAPHY AND AGRICULTURE

2. CENTRE REVISES TMA SCHEME FOR SPECIFIED AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS

 

THE CONTEXT: Centre has revised “Transport and Marketing Assistance” (TMA) scheme for Specified Agriculture Products’.

ANALYSIS:

  • In February 2019, the Department of Commerce had introduced ‘Transport and Marketing Assistance (TMA) for Specified Agriculture Products Scheme’ to provide assistance for the international component of freight, to mitigate disadvantage of higher freight costs faced by the Indian exporters of agriculture products.
  • The scheme was initially applicable for exports effected during the period from 01.03.2019 to 31.03.2020 and was later extended for exports effected up to 31.03.2021.
  • Now the Department has notified ‘Revised Transport and Marketing Assistance (TMA) for Specified Agriculture Products Scheme’ for exports effected on or after 01.04.2021 up to 31.03.2022. The existing scheme will remain in operation for exports effected up to 31.03.2021.

SOURCE:  PIB

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

3. AUTOMATIC MACHINE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CONICAL SHAPED FIREWORKS

 

THE CONTEXT:  The MSME Tool Room, Hyderabad, Central Institute of Tool Design (CITD) has obtained a patent for the invention entitled “AUTOMATIC MACHINE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CONICAL SHAPED FIREWORKS” for 20 years from the 10th November,2015.

ANALYSIS:

  • The aim of project is to automate the entire above process for relieving human fatigue and to save human from hazardous environment. The entire process is minimal human intervention. Hence, it is safe for humans to handle the machine in Fireworks Industry.
  • This is the first of its kind with fully indigenous technology. CITD and SFPL had filed a joint patent application for this innovation.
  • The uniqueness of machine is that it completely works on pneumatic system for entire process of manufacturing. There is no electrical or electronics system used in process. Therefore, this can avoid most of the fire accidents in field of fireworks industries.
  • Trials were conducted by customer with original chemical in flowerpots and attaining the target production cones of 120 pieces per minute 

SOURCE: PIB

4. NOISE CONTROL SHEET ABSORBER

 

THE CONTEXT: An Indian researcher has fabricated paper honeycomb and stronger polymer honeycomb structure as sound-absorbing panels that dissipate acoustic energy to low-frequency ranges. The technology can be used in building acoustics and also as environmental noise control solution.

ANALYSIS:

  • Many traditional materials have been found to be good at controlling higher frequencies. However, natural bee hives have been found to efficiently control high as well as low frequencies because of their geometry.
  • It has been found from theoretical analysis and experimental investigations that this behaviour was owing to the conversion of acoustical energy into vibration energy. This vibration energy is dissipated in the form of heat due to wall damping property. Mimicking this property as an engineering solution could offer a cost-effective method for controlling noise pollution.
  • The design methodology involves understanding the physics of bee hive sample acoustic energy dissipation and then mimicking its design.
  • The team developed a mathematical model and calculated optimized parameters, and then fabricated the test samples using systematic, controlled parameters. Subsequently, fabrication of a large sample was done. They have used two different approaches and their respective prototype machines with two different kinds of materials.
  • One prototype is for paper honeycomb based on indexed -Honeycomb Before Expansion (HOBE) process, and another prototype machine is for polymer honeycomb structure based on hot wire technique.
  • The panels were made by slicing stacked extruded polypropene straws. The slicing process is done with the help of hot wire, which also bonds the straws together. The developed technology provides a mechanism of acoustic energy dissipation with lower thickness and higher specific strength of acoustic panels. A test facility to measure the absorption coefficient of large samples has also been established as part of this work.

SOURCE : PIB

 

5. ATL SPACE CHALLENGE 2021

 

THE CONTEXT: Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) successfully launched the ATL Space Challenge 2021 for all school students across the country.

ANALYSIS:

  • The challenge has been designed for all the school students, mentors and teachers across the countries that not only are associated with schools having ATL labs but for all the non ATL schools as well.
  • This is to ensure that students of classes 6 to 12 are given an open platform where they can innovate and enable themselves to solve digital age space technology problems.
  • The ATL Space Challenge 2021 aligns with the World Space Week 2021 which is being observed from 4 to 10 October each year at the global level in order to celebrate the contributions of space science and technology.
  • Students can create a solution that can be implemented and adopted leveraging technologies such as:
  1. Explore Space
  2. Reach Space
  3. Inhabit Space
  4. Leverage Space
  • The application for the Space Challenge can be submitted on the AIM online portal. Each team based on their interest and understanding, must select one problem which falls under any one of the Space Challenge themes.
  • Each unique solution must be submitted under one theme only. Submitting the same solution/ innovation under multiple themes will result in immediate disqualification.

SOURCE: PIB

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

6. INDIA, U.S. AGREE TO COLLABORATE ON EMERGING FUELS

 

THE CONTEXT: India and the U.S. have agreed to expand their energy partnership by adding emerging fuels to the list of areas of cooperation that previously included power and energy efficiency, oil and gas, renewable energy and sustainable growth.

ANALYSIS:

  • This followed a Ministerial meeting of the U.S.-India Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP).
  • The SCEP was launched in accordance with the U.S.-India Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Joe Biden at the Leaders’ Summit on Climate held in April this year.
  • The two sides also announced rechristening of Gas Task Force to India-U.S. Low Emissions Gas Task Force, which would continue to forge collaboration between the U.S. and Indian companies on innovative projects to support India’s vision of a gas-based economy.
  • The two sides also agreed to continue to develop better understandings on methane abatement under this Task Force.
  • Both sides have initiated institutionalization of India Energy Modeling Forum with the constitution of Six Task Forces for carrying out research and modelling in different areas.
  • Joint Committees have been set up to deliberate on Energy Data Management, Low Carbon Technologies and Just Transition in the Coal Sector.
  • Building on the success of the first phase, the two sides agreed to expand the scope of the work to include smart grid and grid storage as part of the second phase of the Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE)-R initiative anchored on the Indian side by the Department of Science & Technology.

SOURCE: THE HINDU

7. BRICS SEEKS ‘INCLUSIVE’ INTRA-AFGHAN DIALOGUE

 

THE CONTEXT: The 13th BRICS summit held virtually called for an “inclusive intra-Afghan dialogue” for stability in Afghanistan.

ANALYSIS:

  • The discussion on Afghanistan at the event attended by the leaders of India, Russia, China, Brazil and South Africa was held in the backdrop of the Taliban announcing an interim government in Kabul.
  • The BRICS leaders called for “settling the situation by peaceful means” and condemned the terrorist attacks at the Hamid Karzai International Airport which killed at least 100 persons including several American military personnel.
  • The document, titled the ‘New Delhi Declaration’, also called for addressing the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan and urged the need to uphold rights of women, children and minorities.
  • The meeting gave an opportunity to the BRICS countries to discuss the situation in Afghanistan especially as two of the five members of the organisation — Russia and China — continue to have a diplomatic presence in Kabul where a Taliban interim government is expected to take formal charge in few days.
  • BRICS countries are evidently divided on the issue of engagement with the Taliban with Russia and China adopting a proactive policy on the issue. A Russian media report informed that the Taliban has invited Turkey, Qatar, China and Iran to the upcoming swearing-in ceremony.
  • The summit emphasised the importance of the principle of “non-interference” in international affairs and said disputes and conflicts should be resolved by peaceful means.

SOURCE : TH

Q1. In order to ensure community mobilization and bolster people’s participation, every year, which month of year is celebrated as ‘POSHAN Maah’ across the country?

  1. March
  2. September
  3. August
  4. November

ANSWER FOR SEPTEMBER 10, 2021 PRELIMS PRACTICE QUESTIONS (REFER RELEVANT ARTICLE)

Answer: C)

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct: The scheme facilitates affordable working capital loan of up to ₹10,000 with an interest subsidy @7% on regular repayment.  The street vendors are not required to pay any collateral for the loan.
  • Statement 2 is correct: SIDBI has been appointed as the implementation agency for scheme administration.




Ethics Through Current Development (11-09-2021)

  1. Drop all bad feelings for a better tomorrow READ MORE
  2. Indefensible Political Acrimony READ MORE



Today’s Important Articles for Geography (11-09-2021)

  1. Checking stubble burning: Curb the menace to reduce pollution READ MORE
  2. In Himachal Pradesh, climate change and unplanned development are causing disasters READ MORE
  3. Need for More Knowledge to Conserve Himalayan Ecosystem READ MORE



Today’s Important Articles for Sociology (11-09-2021)

  1. Why we need caste census: Benefits distribution needs finer social data. Upper caste angst no reason to stop the exercise READ MORE
  2. Gender gap, inequity in healthcare access: Only four States show a fair sex ratio in COVID vaccination. On the health and survival front, India already is one of the five worst performers in South Asia READ MORE



Today’s Important Articles for Pub Ad (11-09-2021)

  1. A Critical Analysis of the Constitutionality of the Non-criminalisation of Marital Rape in India READ MORE
  2. Indefensible Political Acrimony READ MORE



WSDP Bulletin (11-09-2021)

(Newspapers, PIB and other important sources)

Prelim and Main

  1. Atal Innovation Mission launches Space challenge in collaboration with ISRO & CBSE across India READ MORE
  2. India, U.S. agree to collaborate on emerging fuels READ MORE
  3. The world’s coral reefs have suffered terribly in 30 years, but are resilient: Study READ MORE
  4. Explained: What is KYC-VS, the new update on CoWIN to check vaccination status? READ MORE
  5. 80% of Indian Children Learnt Lesser During the Pandemic: UNICEF Report READ MORE

Main Exam

GS Paper- 2

POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

  1. A Critical Analysis of the Constitutionality of the Non-criminalisation of Marital Rape in India READ MORE
  2. Indefensible Political Acrimony READ MORE

SOCIAL JUSTICE AND SOCIAL ISSUES

  1. Why we need caste census: Benefits distribution needs finer social data. Upper caste angst no reason to stop the exercise READ MORE
  2. Gender gap, inequity in healthcare access: Only four States show a fair sex ratio in COVID vaccination. On the health and survival front, India already is one of the five worst performers in South Asia READ MORE

INTERNATIONAL ISSUES

  1. How the world — and India — changed in the 20 years after 9/11 READ MORE
  2. Why Pakistan is the winner of the longest war in Afghanistan READ MORE

GS Paper- 3

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

  1. The utilisation of Government Borrowings in the Major Indian States READ MORE
  2. Asset Monetisation for Infrastructural Investment READ MORE

 ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

  1. Checking stubble burning: Curb the menace to reduce pollution READ MORE
  2. In Himachal Pradesh, climate change and unplanned development are causing disasters READ MORE
  3. Need for More Knowledge to Conserve Himalayan Ecosystem READ MORE

SECURITY

  1. Prudent step: The Govt is on guard against terror acts in J&K in the wake of the Taliban takeover READ MORE

GS Paper- 4

ETHICS EXAMPLES AND CASE STUDY

  1. Drop all bad feelings for a better tomorrow READ MORE

Questions for the MAIN exam

  1. ‘Privatising assets without allowing for competition or regulation creates private monopolies that raise prices, reduce efficiency and harm the economy’. In the light of the statement discuss the way forward to address these issues.
  2. Discuss the need for the regulations for ‘Gig Economy’.

QUOTATIONS AND CAPTIONS

  • Try taking a stand on just one leg. You need to see both sides.
  • Privatising assets without allowing for competition or regulation creates private monopolies that raise prices, reduce efficiency and harm the economy.
  • In the past, disinvestment of equity, strategic sale or outright privatisation were the principal means to mobilise such non-debt capital receipts.
  • Fiscal sustainability is a key element for subnational governments in India as fiscal policy is the only instrument that can be used to correct economic malady.
  • The fiscal sustainability of state governments is different from that of the central government, due to the differential allocation of powers in the Constitution of India.
  • The democratic public sphere is supposed to regulate the direction of judgment and its normative outcome based on merit. Political parties should take such a judgment to promote merit among the leaders who participate in democratic decision-making.
  • Rape is an egregious act that cannot be merely construed as a sexual offence but is an act to degrade and humiliate the dignity, modesty, and integrity of a woman.
  • Using technology to harness agricultural waste can be a good start. Punjab has taken to the direct seeding of rice (DSR) method that yields less residue, utilises less water and makes do with the labour shortage.
  • The Commission for Air Quality has asked Delhi and neighbouring states to adopt satellite data from ISRO to chalk out an action plan in this regard. More such applications of technology should be undertaken to reduce pollution and achieve the aim of clean air for blue skies.
  • Tipping delivery workers, offering them shelter during rough weather conditions, and other basic gestures of humanity, have all been mooted. While important in their own right, it is crucial to note that the problem is institutional, and requires an institutional solution.
  • Liberalisation isn’t necessary only for poverty alleviation and achieving prosperity, but arguably it is now the principal strategy for national security.

50-WORD TALK

  • Ford’s exit from India four years after GM underlines the failure of American auto giants to cope with India’s highly competitive market. But this is also a blow to the country’s manufacturing sector amid a slowdown. Government should encourage emerging tech such as hybrids and EVs to overcome these setbacks.

Things to Remember:

  • For prelims-related news try to understand the context of the news and relate with its concepts so that it will be easier for you to answer (or eliminate) from given options.
  • Whenever any international place will be in news, you should do map work (marking those areas in maps and also exploring other geographical locations nearby including mountains, rivers, etc. same applies to the national places.)
  • For economy-related news (banking, agriculture, etc.) you should focus on terms and how these are related to various economic aspects, for example, if inflation has been mentioned, try to relate with prevailing price rises, shortage of essential supplies, banking rates, etc.
  • For main exam-related topics, you should focus on the various dimensions of the given topic, the most important topics which occur frequently and are important from the mains point of view will be covered in ED.
  • Try to use the given content in your answer. Regular use of this content will bring more enrichment to your writing.