October 7, 2022

Lukmaan IAS

A Blog for IAS Examination

INDIA’S FEMALE LABOUR PARTICIPATION RATE FALLS TO 16.1% AS PANDEMIC HITS JOB SECTOR

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CONTEXT: According to report by the Ministry of Statistics, female labour participation rate in India fell to 16.1% during the July-September 2020 quarter.

Analysis:

  • The percentage of women in the labour force had fallen to a record low of 15.5% during the April-June 2020 quarter, when India imposed strict lockdown to curb the spread of COVID-19 virus.
  • According to World Bank estimates, India has one of the lowest female labour force participation rates in the world. Less than a third of women – defined in the report as 15 or older – are working or actively looking for a job.
  • The female labour participation rate in India had fallen to 20.3% in 2019 from more than 26% in 2005, according to World Bank estimates, compared with 30.5% in neighbouring Bangladesh and 33.7% in Sri Lanka.
  • Most employed women in India are in low-skilled work, such as farm and factory labour and domestic help, sectors that have been hit hard by the pandemic.
  • The unemployment rate among women touched 15.8%, compared with 12.6% among male workers during three months that ended in September 2020, the latest quarter for which data was released.

Reference: The Wire

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