THE CONTEXT: The Government is implementing more than 40 skill development schemes across 20 Central Ministries/Departments, for providing a variety of skill development training programmes under the Skill India Mission.
- Some of the major schemes are Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikash Yojana (PMKVY), National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS), Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), fee based training by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) etc.
- Under PMKVY 2.0 scheme, training Centres takes all efforts to facilitate placements of certified candidates through multiple initiatives like Rojgaar Mela, Yuva Sampark and Aatmanirbhar Skilled Employees Employer Mapping (ASEEM) ’portal, etc.
- In PMKVY 3.0 facilitation of wage employment / self-employment / apprenticeship shall be provided to the certified candidates.
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras shall act as nodal Centres at districts for providing self-employment support.
ABOUT SKILL INDIA MISSION
- Launched on 2015, SKILL INDIA MISSION aims to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
- The mission aims at vocational training and certification of Indian youth for a better livelihood and respect in the society.
- It is implemented by National Skill Development Corporation under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
SCHEMES & INITIATIVES UNDER SKILL INDIA MISSION
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY): The scheme is implemented with the objective to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills were also assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) category.
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK): These are state-of-the-art, visible and aspirational model training centers in every district of India, ensuring coverage of all the parliamentary constituencies. These model training centers are referred to as “Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra” (PMKK). The PMKK program provides financial support in form of a soft loan up to INR 70 lakhs to create training infrastructure and complements the delivery of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
- India International Skill Centres (IISC): To bridge the global shortage of labour force in the coming years by reaping the demographic dividend of young Indian labour force, India International Skill Centre (IISC) has been set up to provide skill trainings and certification benchmarked to International Standards.
- National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS): NAPS was launched in August 2016 to promote the Apprenticeship in the country by providing financial incentives, technology and advocacy support. The government shares a specific percentage of basic training cost and/or stipend given to the apprentice.