June 24, 2024

Lukmaan IAS

A Blog for IAS Examination



THE CONTEXT: The anti-poverty organization Oxfam says 11 people die of hunger each minute and that the number facing famine-like conditions around the globe has increased six times over the last year.


  • In a report titled “The Hunger Virus Multiplies,” Oxfam said that the death toll from famine outpaces that of Covid-19, which kills around seven people per minute.
  • The humanitarian group also said that 155 million people around the world now live at crisis levels of food insecurity or worse – some 20 million more than last year.
  • Around two-thirds of them face hunger because their country is in military conflict.
  • “Today, unrelenting conflict on top of the COVID-19 economic fallout, and a worsening climate crisis, has pushed more than 520,000 people to the brink of starvation,”
  • “Instead of battling the pandemic, warring parties fought each other, too often landing the last blow to millions already battered by weather disasters and economic shocks.”
  • Despite the pandemic, Oxfam said that global military spending increased by $51 billion during the pandemic – an amount that exceeds by at least six times what the U.N. needs to stop hunger
  • Starvation continues to be used as a weapon of war, depriving civilians of food and water and impeding humanitarian relief.
  • People can’t live safely or find food when their markets are being bombed and crops and livestock are destroyed,”
  • The organization urged governments to stop conflicts from continuing to spawn “catastrophic hunger” and to ensure that relief agencies could operate in conflict zones and reach those in need.
  • It also called on donor countries to “immediately and fully” fund the U.N.’s efforts to alleviate hunger.


  • Founded in 1942, Oxfam is a non-profit organisation
  • The Oxfam International Secretariat is based in Nairobi, Kenya
  • Oxfam is a vibrant global movement of dedicated people fighting poverty – together.
  • Oxfam fights poverty in three ways: Campaigning, Development and Emergency Response.
  • Campaigning for change: Poverty isn’t just about lack of resources. In a wealthy world it’s about bad decisions made by powerful people. Oxfam campaigns hard, putting pressure on leaders for real lasting change.
  • Development work: Poor people can take control, solve their own problems, and rely on themselves – with the right support. Fighting poverty, we fund long-term work worldwide.
  • Emergency response: People need help in an emergency – fast. We save lives, swiftly delivering aid, support and protection; and we help people prepare for future crises
  • Recently, the Inequality Virus Report and Global Inequality Crisis Report were released by Oxfam International.
  • The reports have found that the Covid pandemic deeply increased the existing inequalities in India and around the world.
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