April 20, 2024

Lukmaan IAS

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RUSSIA’s VETO ON NORTH KOREA SANCTIONS: A STRATEGIC MOVE AMIDST GLOBAL TENSIONS

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TAG: GS 2: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

THE CONTEXT: Russia’s recent veto on the renewal of a panel of experts monitoring UN sanctions against North Korea has sparked controversy and highlighted geopolitical tensions.

EXPLANATION:

  • The move signifies a significant shift in global dynamics, particularly amidst ongoing conflicts such as the war in Ukraine.
  • Russia has accused the United States and its allies of escalating military tensions in Asia and attempting to “strangle” North Korea through stringent sanctions.
  • This assertion underscores Russia’s belief that the current approach to North Korea is outdated and ineffective.

Strategic Alliance Between Russia and North Korea:

  • The veto highlights the burgeoning relationship between Russia and North Korea, particularly amid the Ukraine
  • Putin’s courtship of Kim Jong Un allows Russia to assert its influence in the region while securing resources for the Ukraine war.
  • Conversely, North Korea sees Russia as a powerful ally with access to advanced military technology.

Critique of UN Sanctions and Expert Panel:

  • Russia criticizes the UN expert panel, arguing that it lacks objectivity and impartiality, instead serving as a tool for Western geopolitical interests.
  • This critique suggests a broader skepticism towards the efficacy of UN sanctions in addressing North Korea’s nuclear program.

Impact of Ukraine Conflict on Global Cooperation:

  • The Ukraine conflict has strained relations between Russia and the West, leading to a breakdown in cooperation on global issues.
  • The veto on North Korea sanctions exemplifies how the Ukraine crisis has undermined collaborative efforts among major powers.

Call for Diplomacy and Compromise:

  • Despite its veto, Russia calls for a reevaluation of sanctions policies and a shift towards diplomatic solutions.
  • However, Russia’s proposals for compromise, such as time-limited sanctions reviews, have faced opposition from Washington.

Veto Power:

  • The United Nations Security Council has five members who serve on a rotating basis (UNSC).
  • Different political parties in India are divided on the issue.
  • Political parties have utilized this status to exert veto power since independence.
  • The United Nations Security Council’s five permanent members can veto or reject any substantive resolution.
  • A member’s abstaining vote does not influence whether or not the resolution is accepted. Procedural votes do not affect the veto authority.
  • The Security Council’s five permanent fellows have veto power. The following are examples:

1. China

2. France

3. Russia

4. Great Britain

5. The United States.

SOURCE: https://theprint.in/world/after-veto-russia-says-big-powers-need-to-stop-strangling-north-korea/2020055/

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