March 1, 2024

Lukmaan IAS

A Blog for IAS Examination




THE CONTEXT: As per the IMD, there is a strong possibility of the development of a potential cyclonic storm named ‘Michaung’ in the Bay of Bengal, originating from a low-pressure area.


  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued warnings and forecasts regarding the progression of this weather system.

Cyclone Formation:

  • Initially identified as a low-pressure area in the South Andaman Sea, it has evolved into a well-marked low-pressure area.
  • Predicted to intensify into a depression by November 30 and further evolve into a cyclonic storm named ‘Michaung’ over the Southwest and adjoining Southeast Bay of Bengal within the next 48 hours.

Anticipated Weather Conditions:

  • South Andaman Sea and Andaman & Nicobar Islands are expected to experience strong winds initially, reaching speeds of 25-35 kmph gusting to 45 kmph on November 29.
  • Forecasted light to heavy rainfall in the Nicobar Islands and Andaman Islands between November 29 and December 1.
  • Squally weather with increasing wind speeds in the Southeast Bay of Bengal from November 30 onwards, likely reaching gale wind speeds by December 2.
  • Fishermen advisories have been issued for different regions to avoid venturing into the sea during specific periods due to the expected severe weather conditions.

Rainfall Forecasts in Other Regions:

  • Various regions across India, including Jammu-Kashmir-Ladakh-Gilgit-Baltistan-Muzaffarabad, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Northwest India, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Vidarbha, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Karaikal, Kerala, and Mahe are also forecasted to experience light to heavy rainfall, accompanied by thunderstorm activities at isolated places, during specific time frames.

State Preparations and Alerts:

  • The Odisha government has placed seven coastal districts on alert due to the anticipated cyclonic storm formation, advising necessary precautions.
  • The IMD’s proactive approach in issuing warnings and advisories regarding the cyclonic storm’s progression reflects a commitment to public safety and preparedness.

Significance of warnings:

  • The significance of these warnings is to alert not only coastal regions but also inland areas prone to heavy rainfall and thunderstorms, emphasizing the need for precautions and preparedness measures.
  • The coordinated efforts of meteorological departments, regional governments, and the dissemination of information to potentially affected areas demonstrate a proactive approach towards minimizing the impact of the cyclonic storm on both coastal and inland regions.
  • Residents, especially in the warned areas, are urged to follow safety instructions and preparedness guidelines to mitigate potential risks associated with severe weather conditions.
  • It’s essential for individuals and authorities in these regions to stay updated with the latest forecasts and advisories from official weather monitoring agencies to ensure appropriate actions are taken to safeguard lives and property.


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